Volume 29, Issue 51 (2021)                   J Tax Res 2021, 29(51): 33-64 | Back to browse issues page

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Seyed Salehi S, Sameti M, Azarbayejani K, Basirat M. تحلیل درآمدهای دولت در یک اقتصاد کوچک صادر‌کننده نفت به روش تعادل عمومی پویای تصادفی (DSGE). J Tax Res. 2021; 29 (51) :33-64
URL: http://taxjournal.ir/article-1-2049-en.html
1- , majidsameti @ase.ui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (619 Views)
The purpose of this study is to analyze oil and tax revenues in the Iranian economy. Applying the stochastic dynamic general equilibrium approach, a model for the oil exporting economy was simulated. In order to recover the tax system, oil and tax revenues added to the model as a part of government’s revenue. The present study applies Dynare software with Matlab to estimate the model’s parameters by Bayesian statistical techniques based on Monte Carlo method with Markov chain in the form of Metropolis-Hastings algorithm. The period of study is from 1368 to 1396 in a quarterly setting. In order to analyze the shocks, two scenarios were designed. In the first scenario, it was assumed that the government has oil revenues and all oil revenues are spent by the government so that the government does not rely on tax revenues. In the second scenario, it is assumed that 40% of the government's oil revenues are injected into the Development Fund and a percentage of it, is allocated to facilitate the production sector, and the government mostly relies on the taxes. The results show that the tax and oil shock by reducing dependence on oil and reliance on tax revenues, has negative impact on macroeconomic variables in the short term, but in the long run, with increasing tax revenues, production and, consequently, investment, consumption, employment has increased.
JEL classification: H21 C13، E17، G5
Full-Text [PDF 1111 kb]   (186 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Management
Received: 2022/01/3 | Accepted: 2021/12/1 | Published: 2021/12/1

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