year 28, Issue 45 (5-2020)                   taxjournal 2020, 28(45): 119-154 | Back to browse issues page

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The General Rules of Contracts and the Rules of Anti-avoidance and Anti-evasion Paying Taxes (Tax Fraud). taxjournal. 2020; 28 (45)
URL: http://taxjournal.ir/article-1-1822-en.html
Abstract:   (177 Views)
Taxation issues are among the factors which balance between private rights and public interests. But the legal system of contracts also works for the welfare of the people and society. The general rules of contracts and the principles of private law have found their essential functions during the years.  Applying the above rules aimed at preserving public order along with the private rights of individuals, the combination of freedom and individual rights with public order makes it more acceptable from the legal, social or economic perspectives. The principles of tax law are always denounced, where private rights of individuals are violated and this leads to taxation away from their goals. Anti-tax avoidance rules created by tax legislators sometimes violate the private rights of persons and disrupt the general order of contracts. This Intervention neglects the principle of supremacy of will, taxable of some contracts without legal backing (Legality). The adoption of such tax laws causes disobedience and tax evasion. This is while resorting to well-known rules such as fraudulent conveyance (or transaction in order to avoid liability), fictitious transaction (or nominal transaction), illegitimate motives of transaction, depending on the circumstances and types of tax avoidance can be used as anti-tax avoidance rules. In this case, taxpayers face these rules which are basically used In order to protect the private rights of individuals, showed less resistance and it also leads to tax transparency.
Full-Text [PDF 287 kb]   (59 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Economic
Received: 2020/09/28 | Accepted: 2020/05/30 | Published: 2020/05/30

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